La Plata is the capital of the province of Buenos Aires y core city of the region. Located 56 km from Buenos Aires City, it is the fourth most populated city of the country after Buenos Aires, Córdoba and Rosario. It has been nicknamed The City of Diagonals or The City of the Linden Trees, and less frequently, The Athens of America.
The city was planned and built specifically to serve the purpose of capital of the province after the declaration of Buenos Aires as Federal District in 1880.
It represents the most important political, administrative and educational centre of the province. Its population of 753,378 inhabitants reaches 899,523 adding the Greater La Plata formed by La Plata, Berisso and Ensenada.
Buenos Aires and La Plata have become one area called Región Metropolitana of Buenos Aires due to their increasingly growing suburbanization of both cities.
However, La Plata has always kept its own distinctive identity and importance of a capital city and has never been considered as part of the interior of Buenos Aires or as part of the interior of the country.
La Plata was officially founded by the Governor Dardo Rocha on 19th November 1882 and its construction was fully documented in photographs by Tomás Bradley. Between 1952 and 1955, the city was named Ciudad Eva Perón.
This preeminently planned city is recognized by its design, a perfect square grid within which the historical quarters lie and the outstanding layout of its diagonals forming pyramids and rhombuses with beautifully forested parks and squares perfectly placed every six blocks.